small scale mining and its impact on poverty in namibia

National Literacy Programme, Namibia | UIL

The majority of Namibia's population of 2.1 million (2007 estimate) depends on agriculture and the informal sector for subsistence. Societal problems mainly arise from and are reflected by the disparities in income distribution, unemployment and poverty. 60% of the population live below the poverty threshold.

The Local Impact of Mining on Poverty and Inequality ...

better educated immigrants required and attracted by mining activity. The inequalizing impact of mining, both across and within districts, may help explain the social discontent with mining in Peru, despite its enormous revenues. JEL: H7, I3, O1, Q3, R5 Keywords: Natural resources, Mining, Poverty, Inequality, Commodity Boom, Peru

Impacts of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining on Water ...

Impacts of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining on Water Quality in Mozambique and Zimbabwe: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9559-7.ch005: Artisanal and small scale gold mining (ASGM) is an informal economic activity. ASGM is the process of extracting gold ore from the ground in the absence of

Impacts of Artisanal Small-Scale Mining in Rural ...

Corpus ID: 56036088. Impacts of Artisanal Small-Scale Mining in Rural s: A Case of Mzimba District, Malawi @article{Dakalira2017ImpactsOA, title={Impacts of Artisanal Small-Scale Mining in Rural s: A Case of Mzimba District, Malawi}, author={Yamikani Stella Dakalira and Justin Alinafe Mangulama and Bounlith Khemthong and George T. Mudimu and Leshan Jin and Ting Zuo …

Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining

In many developing countries, artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is largely a poverty-driven activity which plays an important economic role. It is estimated that in the order of 13 million people in about 30 countries are directly engaged in small-scale mining, a significant proportion of whom are women and children.

CASE STUDIES OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF SAND …

4.3.2 Disadvantages (negative impacts) of sand and gravel mining 58 4.3.2.1 Respondents' views on the activity 58 4.3.2.2 Negative effects of mining to people's lives 59 4.3.2.3 Negative impacts of mining observed by respondents 60 4.3.2.4 Accidents reported during sand and gravel mining 62

IGF Mining Policy Framework Assessment: Namibia

• Artisanal and small-scale mining is a key pillar of the Minerals Policy, and efforts are underway to promote its economic and legal formalization. The assessment team identified the following key gaps and weaknesses in Namibia's mining laws and policies:

The Impact of Small-Scale Mining Operations on Economies ...

Impact of Small-Scale Mining Operations on Economies and Livelihoods in Low- to Middle-Income Countries iii Executive Summary This report of the East Africa Research Fund (EARF) project 'Understanding the Economic Contribution of Small-scale Mining in East Africa' addresses the first of three main objectives of the Terms of Reference, namely to conduct an overarching synthesis to ...

Small-scale mining, poverty and economic development in ...

Mar 01, 2009· Introduction: The rise of Africa's small-scale mining economy. The term 'small-scale mining' first surfaced in the United Nations publication, Small-Scale Mining in the Developing Countries ().Although the topic was very much an afterthought on the donor agenda at the time, the report nevertheless proved extremely important: it highlighted, for the first time, the economic significance of ...

Chinese involvement in illegal small scale mining in ...

When independence dawned on Namibia in 1990, about 5% made up the total mining industry employment from the small-scale mining sector. This study main objective of this study was to determine the Chinese involvement in illegal small scale mining its impact and implications in Namibia.

ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACTS OF MINING IN …

No. 594, WINDHOEK, NAMIBIA, JULY 5 th – 6th, 2012 ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACTS OF ... communities have been particularly exposed to the detrimental effects of contamination arising from mining and its effects on public health, agriculture and the environment. In addition, the legacy of mining has left ... The impact of mining activities ...

Small-Scale Mining and Its Impact on Poverty in Namibia: A ...

Small-Scale Mining and Its Impact on Poverty in Namibia: A Case Study of Miners in the Erongo Region. This project was designed to explore small-scale mining activities in Erongo Region of Namibia. The main objective was to explore possible contributions of small-scale mining to poverty alleviation in Namibia.

How "Small" Is Small-Scale Gold Mining?

In Suriname the small-scale mining sector operates almost entirely on the illegal grounds. The government policy of Suriname mostly favors large-scale mining and tolerates the informal small-scale mining operations because they bring revenue to the government and keep the poorest and uneducated population of the country employed.

Using Data to tell the Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining Story

Jan 30, 2017· "We believe that with better data the true story of the sector's social, environmental, and economic impact can be told." To bridge the data divide, the World Bank has partnered with Pact to develop DELVE, a platform for artisanal and small-scale mining data that is being piloted in 2017.

Zambia launches gold, gem strategy || The Southern Times

"Gold and gemstone mining in Zambia have been characterised by the informal artisanal and small scale mining and trading activities resulting in huge losses to the government revenue, environmental degradation, influx of foreign nationals, lack of tangible wealth creation and no impact on poverty reduction," Minister Musukwa said.

UNDP Jobs - 93270- Consultant to develop Health and Safety ...

Small-scale mining in Namibia is concentrated mainly on semi-precious stones, such as tourmaline, smoky quartz, beryl, amethyst, prehnite, rock crystals and schorl. Despite the benefits derived from such activities, small-scale mining conditions in Namibia, as in …

Poverty in Namibia | The Borgen Project

Jul 02, 2013· However, it is marked by an extremely large economic divide among its citizenry. Although it is technically a middle-income country, there is much poverty in Namibia as a result of income inequalities. The UNDP rates the income disparity in Namibia as the highest in the world, at 70.7 on a scale of 0 to 100.

Small-scale Mining and Sustainable Development within the ...

6 Small-scale Mining and Sustainable Development within the SADC Region There is about a total of more than 1,000,000 small-scale miners estimated to work within the 6 target countries (which should add up to about 1.5 million for the whole SADC

Artisanal and Small-scale Mining | LandLinks

Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM), which refers to mining with minimal or no mechanization often in the informal sector, has increasingly captured the interest of governments, international organizations, and private corporations because of its growing role in national economies and its impacts on society and the environment.

GLOBAL TRENDS IN ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE MINING …

Artisanal and small-scale mining is also the source of the largest releases of mercury, estimated at 1,400 tonnes per year in 2011 according to the Minamata Convention. Exposure to mercury can have serious health impacts, including irreversible brain damage.

Impacts of Artisanal Small-Scale Mining in Rural ...

Most rural development related policies and programs in Malawi take up a farm first approach where most objectives of these programs are aimed at strengthening and/or improving rural peoples' assets towards agricultural production. As Malawi is pursuing its interest in promoting its mining sector, especially the Artisanal and small-scale sub sector, gaps exist in literature on the impact of ...

How poverty spurs illegal gold mining in Ghana

Feb 10, 2016· Small-scale mining makes up over 30 percent of gold production in the country. Galamseys rely on daily revenue from small-scale mining to provide food and shelter for their families. While it can help provide an income, unregulated mining is highly controversial for its environmental impact, danger and negative health consequences.

NATIONAL POLICY ON MICRO, SMALL AND MEDIUM …

The National Policy on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in Namibia proposes a new defi nition for micro, small and medium enterprises as follows: Category No. of full-time employees And/or Annual turnover (N$) Micro-enterprise 1 to 10 And/or 0 to 300,000 Small enterprises 11 to 30 And/or 300,001 to 3,000,000 Medium enterprises 31 to 100 And ...

Artisanal and small-scale mining and agriculture

environmental impacts of small-scale mining in developing countries, mostly in West Africa, producing more than 150 papers, chapters and reports on the subject. He received his ... In sub-Saharan Africa, a region long scarred by poverty, artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is widespread. Most of this activity, however, is unregulated and ...

Ministry of Mines and Energy - Small Scale Mining

The Ministry of Mines and Energy is renowned as performance driven. By promoting, facilitating and regulating development and sustainable utilization of Namibia's mineral, geological and energy resource through competent staff, innovation, research and stakeholder collaboration in a conducive environment for the benefits of all Namibians and the world.

Inequality and Poverty in Namibia: A Gaping Wealth Gap

Nov 05, 2016· Poverty in Namibia, however, is still prevalent, and the country is rife with extreme wealth imbalances. The Namibian economy boasts relatively high growth, with an average growth rate of 4.3 percent between 2010 and 2015. The economy is heavily based on the country's mining industry, which accounts for 50 percent of foreign exchange earnings.

Artisanal and Small Scale Mining in Namibia ...

This paper focuses on artisanal mining in Namibia, where the miners produce semi-precious gemstones and crystals sought by collectors. Although the miners are supported by large mining companies, NGOs and the government in Namibia, they are still caught in a cycle of poverty that starts with low investment, limited production, poor marketing ...